First there is Sarah. Interviewing her is like playing a great game of tennis. You serve the question and she smashes it right back with a well-crafted answer. At times your conversation is like the perfect rally. You cannot fault her game.
And then there is Kate. On paper she looks great. But she is stumbling, struggling to find her feet. She is just not giving you any kind of game. You think she can do it, but she is not convincing you.
So who do you choose? Sarah, I assume. But is Sarah the best candidate or just the best candidate at interviewing?
This is so true.
Of course, there are roles that you may want to judge in an interview set up. Sales or Customer Services employees may well have to be on their top game in similar situations. But the payroll administrator or the software developer? You probably don’t need them to excel here.
So how can you improve your chances of hiring the best candidate for the job ?
1) Be really clear about what you need from the person you are hiring for this role – both in terms of behavioural traits and skills. (This will help you filter out what is not important)
2) Find the best way for your candidates to demonstrate if they have what you are looking for.
(Interviews may not be the best approach for every role)
What are you looking for and how do you find it?
Cameron Herold, who mentors CEOs on how to make their companies the best place to work, suggests two steps to help you identify what you are looking for
“Before you get what you want, you have to know what you want.”
- Identify the five core behavioural traits you want employees to have for this role.
- Then look at the skills they will need. But don’t just think about what you have on the job description. Think of the five things you need someone to get done in the first year.
What are the best way to identify if your candidates have the behaviours and skills they need for this role?
Here are some ideas to get you started.
Give them a problem to solve.
Start this off by making it part of the application process. Describe a problem they would be likely to face in their role and ask them to respond with how they would solve it in no more than 1000 words.
Ask those you have shortlisted along to discuss their response. By discussing their thinking behind their solution, you will verify their skills (the steps they would take to fix the problem) as well as their behaviours (how they would approach each step)
Give them a project to complete
Ron Friedman calls these job auditions. Prior to any formal interviews, successful applicants are asked to complete an activity that they would do as part of their job. This shows you what your candidates are capable of before (potentially incorrect) judgements can be made at interview.
(Listen to some fascinating insights on this from Ron Friedman here)
Possible ‘job auditions’ might be
- Sales Executive: Deliver a sales pitch to you – selling your product.
- Web designer: Design a landing page for you.
- Project manager: Write a project plan based on a project scope.
- Customer Services Manager: Analyse customer service statistics and plan out next steps.
This is their field. This is what they should be good at. See how they do in their comfort zone.
Successful online entrepreneur, Melanie Duncan takes this approach one step further. The projects she assigns take about a week to complete. And she throws two additional tests in the mix
- She doesn’t give them a due date. She asks them to submit the project as soon as possible to the best degree possible. She will compare work that was completed by one candidate in three days to the work completed by another in ten. (There may be 8-10 candidates in play at this stage). Her business is fast paced and she needs to get stuff out the door fast. She worries about hiring perfectionists that would find this hard.
- She will allow them to ask questions but makes it clear that the quantity and quality of questions will form part of the assessment. She is a not a hand holder and wants to weed out the needy ones.
With Melanie, candidates could go through three to five projects BEFORE they get to the interview phase. Phew! If you have the time, and your candidate has the patience, then you will be pretty sure you have hired the right candidate.
Listen to more of Melanie’s hiring tactics here
Take them out of the ‘interview zone’
An easy way to do this is to take them for lunch with the team to see how they interact. Think about who you invite. The dynamics will be different if all the attendees are senior to them at the lunch. They may maintain a ‘false’ best behaviour in this situation.
Do you see them display the behaviours you are looking for? Do they listen when people speak? How do they interact with the waiting staff? Are they interested in learning about others or just talking about themselves?
Or be more creative. Grant Thornton, a management consultants, invite final candidates to a cooking class for example. What could you do? Choose something that fits your company culture to see how they will fit in.
Listen to them talk about something that is important to them
This is one we used frequently. Ask them to talk about something they are passionate about. We learnt so much about our potential employees through stories of being a foster parent, youth worker and a former professional jockey. (And there was the Polish candidate who talked of her love of cooking food from her home country. Fully armed with samples for us to taste. A smart candidate!)
Get feedback from people they meet outside of the interview
Eyes and ears when you are out of sight can be invaluable. Find ways for other team members to interact with your candidate. Tell them (but not the candidate) that you will be looking for feedback.
- Ask someone that has not been part of the interview panel to give them a tour of the office
- Ask the another member of the team to meet them in the reception and escort them to the interview room (We frequently did this and it was interesting to see how often the candidate who was charming in the interview room didn’t even smile at our colleague that he didn’t think he had to impress)
- Invite the candidate to sit with someone to see what they do. Find out what questions they asked.
Varying your recruiting tactics will not just find you the best person, but the best person that is more likely to stay for the longhaul. You will see a more relevant side of your candidates. You will also give the candidates a far clearer view of what is involved in the job and what your business feels like.
Worried about putting them off? If this is not the right role for them, you want them to decide now. Not in three months’ time.
In addition to any of these approaches, you will obviously want to have a conversation to get to know your candidate. But make it humane. Drop the ‘bright light in eyes’ interview technique. This won’t make it any less effective but it will enable you to get to know the real person behind the resume.
Making your recruitment process relevant to the role will allow you to hire the best candidate. Not just the candidate that performs the best at interview.